Bhavesh's Tryst

Little poems & notes created to break the mudane

Monday, July 09, 2012

 

Physical Activity Facts

       Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality

       Globally, six percent of deaths are attributed to physical inactivity. This follows high blood pressure (13%), tobacco use (9%) and is equal to high blood glucose (6%).

       Moreover, physical inactivity is the main cause for approximately 21–25% of breast and colon cancers, 27% of diabetes and 30% of ischaemic heart disease burden.

       Regular physical activity helps to maintain a healthy body

       Physically active persons:

       have lower rates of: coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, colon and breast cancer, and depression;

       have a lower risk of falling and of hip or vertebral fractures;

       are more likely to maintain their weight.

       Physical activity should not be mistaken for sport

       Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by the skeletal muscles that uses energy. This includes sports, exercise and other activities such as playing, walking, doing household chores, gardening, and dancing.

       Both moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity bring health benefits

       Intensity refers to the rate at which the activity is being performed. It can be thought of as "how hard a person works to do the activity".

       The intensity of different forms of physical activity varies between people. Depending on an individual's relative level of fitness, examples of moderate physical activity could include: brisk walking, dancing or household chores. Examples of vigorous physical activity could be: running, fast cycling, fast swimming or moving heavy loads.

       5-17 years old

       People aged 5–17 should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily. Amounts of physical activity greater than 60 minutes provide additional health benefits.

       Adults aged 18–64 should do at least 150 minutes of moderately intense physical activity throughout the week or at least 75 minutes of vigorous- activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous activity. All activity should be performed in bouts of at least 10 minutes duration

       Adults aged 65 and above

       The main recommendations for adults and older adults are the same. In addition, older adults with poor mobility should do physical activity to enhance balance and prevent falls three or more days per week. When older adults cannot do the recommended amount of physical activity due to health conditions, they should be as physically active as their abilities and conditions allow.

       These recommendations are relevant to all healthy adults

       Unless specific medical conditions indicate the contrary, these recommendations apply to all people, irrespective of gender, race, ethnicity or income level.

       They also apply to individuals with chronic non communicable  conditions, not related to mobility, such as hypertension or diabetes. These recommendations can be valid for adults with disabilities as well.

       Doing some physical activity is better than doing none

       Inactive people should start with small amounts of physical activity and gradually increase duration, frequency and intensity over time. Inactive adults, older adults and those with disease limitations will have added health benefits when they become more active.

       Pregnant, postpartum women and persons with cardiac events may need to take extra precautions and seek medical advice before striving to achieve the recommended levels of physical activity.

       Supportive environments and communities may help people to be more physically active

       Urban and environmental policies can have huge potential to increase the physical activity levels in the population. Examples of these policies include:

       ensuring that walking, cycling and other forms of active transportation are accessible and safe for all; or that schools have safe spaces and facilities for students to spend their free time actively

       Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Increasing levels of physical inactivity are seen worldwide, in high-income countries as well as low- and middle-income countries.

       However, given a supportive environment, increasing levels of physical activity bring health benefits across age groups. WHO provides recommendations for the optimal amounts of activity, but doing some physical activity is better than doing none. Inactive people should start with small amounts of physical activity and gradually increase duration, frequency and intensity over time.

       All sectors and all levels within governments, international partners, civil society, non-governmental organizations and the private sector have vital roles to play in shaping healthy environments and contributing to the promotion of physical activity.


Comments: Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]





<< Home

Archives

June 2006   July 2006   July 2007   October 2007   March 2008   April 2008   September 2008   October 2008   October 2010   November 2010   December 2010   January 2011   February 2011   March 2011   April 2011   May 2011   June 2011   July 2011   August 2011   September 2011   October 2011   November 2011   December 2011   January 2012   February 2012   March 2012   April 2012   May 2012   June 2012   July 2012   August 2012   September 2012   October 2012   November 2012   December 2012   January 2013   February 2013   March 2013   April 2013   May 2013   July 2013   August 2013   September 2013   October 2013   November 2013   December 2013   January 2014   February 2014   March 2014   May 2014   July 2014   August 2014   September 2014   October 2014   November 2014   December 2014   January 2015   September 2015   October 2015   November 2015   February 2016   March 2016   May 2016   June 2016   July 2016   August 2016   September 2016   October 2016   November 2016   December 2016   March 2017   April 2017   May 2017   June 2017   July 2017   August 2017   September 2017   March 2018   April 2018   May 2018   June 2018   July 2018   September 2018  

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?

Subscribe to Posts [Atom]